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|Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)|
MLRS are deployed as a battery of nine launchers and will be given a battery maneuver area (BMA), within which are allocated three troop maneuver areas (TMA). These TMAs will contain close hides, survey points and reload points for the batteries. In a typical engagement, a single launcher will be given its fire mission orders using burst data transmission. The MLRS will remain within its hide until it is neccesary to fire when it will emerge no more than 100 metres. The launcher is then elevated and fired, taking only a few minutes in total. As soon as is feasible after firing the MLRS will make its way to a reload point, where it will unload the empty rocket pods and pick up a full one. This procedure can be completed in under five minutes. It will then make its way to a new TMA.
Additional ammunition for the MLRS is carried on the DROPS vehicle which is a Medium Mobility Load Carrier. Each DROPS vehicle with a trailer can carry 8 x Rocket Pod Containers and the Royal Artillery has 15 DROPS vehicles supporting the 9 x M270 Launcher vehicles within each MLRS battery. The British Army has a total of 63 MLRS systems.
Vehicle Type: Mobile Rocket Artillery Launcher
Crew: Pilot, Gunner & Commander
MDC BY LOCATION:
(1) Cockpit 120
(2) Rocket Pod 200
(3) Tracks (2) 65 each
Headlights (2) 2 each
- (1) Destruction of the cockpit will shut the unit down completely.
- (2) If the Rocket Pod is destroyed then all of the weapons will be destroyed as well. There is a high probability that the missiles inside will also explode.
- (3) Destruction of the tracks will immobilise the vehicle.
- GROUND MOVEMENT:
- 40 mph (64 kph)
- 2.57 metres (Stowed,) 5.92 metres (Max elevation)
- 2.97 metres
- 7.16 metres
- 24 tons
- OPERATIONAL RANGE:
- 300 miles (480 km)
- Cargo space available in addition to crew and troops capable of holding small amounts of cargo.
- POWER PLANT:
- Cummings VTA-903 turbo-charged 8 cylinder diesel developing 500bhp at 2,300rpm
1. 227MM M270 ROCKET LAUNCHER:
The basic MLRS rocket warhead contains 644 M77 bomblets, with a 'Fire for Effect' salvo of 12 an area of 500m by 500m can be saturated with 7728 bomblets annihilating everything within the area. Such devastating firepower is commonly used against large groups of enemy troops and vehicles. The dual-purpose bomblets are armed during freefall and a drag ribbon orients the bomblets for impact.
- PRIMARY PURPOSE: Bombardment
- RANGE: 20 miles (32 Km)
- DAMAGE: 3D6 x 100 M.D. per missile
- RATE OF FIRE: Single rocket, or volleys from 2 to 12
- PAYLOAD: 12
STANDARD EQUIPMENT FOR THE MLRS:
- OPTICAL SIGHTS/PERISCOPES: The crew have several periscopes providing 360° observation.
- FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM: The MLRS's Fire Control system allows a single soldier to both load and unload the rockets, and fire them at targets.
- OPTICS: INFRARED/NIGHTVISION: Range: 2000 feet (610m). The gunner's station has an optical sight and is also fitted with an electro-optical day/night thermal sight
- GPS SYSTEM: The vehicle is fitted with a GPS Navigation system for navigation and location mapping.
- SATELLITE COMMUNICATION: Long range, directional communications system with satellite relay capabilities integrated with the FACE, (Forward Artillery Computing Equipment,) system to allow for MLRS units to receive target data. Range: 60 miles (96 km) or can be boosted indefinitely via satellite relay.
- NBC LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM: The vehicle is sealed against Nuclear, Biological and Chemical attacks and able to sustain crew and passengers and remain fully operational for up to 48 hours.
- CAMOUFLAGE WEBBING: Carried on the exterior of the vehicle is camouflage webbing sufficient to cover the entire vehicle.
© Aaron Sketchley